# Quiz - 2¶

Develop the function `es_triangulo` that receives three positive integers `a`, `b`, and `c`. They represent the sides of a triangle. The function should verify that a triangle is formed with the given parameters. If the given parameters form a triangle, the function should return a string indicating its type, i.e., `"Equilátero"`, `"Isósceles"`, or `"Escaleno"`, otherwise, the function should return the string, `"No es triángulo"`.|br| Note: remember that it is not a triangle when the longest side is greater than or equal to the sum of the other two.

Examples:
`es_triangulo(2, 2, 2)` -> `"Equilátero"`
`es_triangulo(3, 2, 2)` -> `"Isósceles"`
`es_triangulo(4, 2, 6)` -> `"No es triángulo"`
`es_triangulo(2, 1, 8)` -> `"No es triángulo"`

Develop the function `es_bisiesto` that receives the parameter `anio` which is a positive integer greater than zero and represents a year. The function should verify if the given parameter is a leap year, therefore, it should return `True` if it is, or `False` otherwise. A year is a leap year if it is divisible by 400, or also if it is divisible by 4 but not divisible by 100.

Examples:
`es_bisiesto(2014)` -> `False`
`es_bisiesto(2016)` -> `True`
`es_bisiesto(1900)` -> `False`
`es_bisiesto(2000)` -> `True`

Juan Pablo the fisherman, is a good man who works every day of the week. At the end of each work day, Juan must report to the state. Every time he brings a weight of fish greater than established by fishing regulations (50 kilograms) he must pay a fine of 4.00 units per additional kilogram. To keep track, he bought a computer to monitor his work income and asked you to make the function called generate_report that receives a list of positive floats weights, which represent the amount that Juan fished each day of the week. The function should return an array of tuples, where each tuple should be a pair of the form (additional, fine), which represent the amount of additional kilograms that Juan fished during a day and the fine he had to pay respectively. If he did not pay a fine, the result will be 0.0 in both cases.

Examples:
`generate_report([25.5, 50.5, 60.25, 15, 100, 50, 30.50])` -> `[(0.0, 0.0), (0.5, 2.0), (10.25, 41.0), (0.0, 0.0), (50.0, 200.0), (0.0, 0.0), (0.0, 0.0)]`

Develop the function `mayor_tres` that receives three integers `a`, `b` and `c`. The function must return the highest of the three numbers, without using the functions `max` or `min`.

Examples:
`mayor_tres(5, 2, 3)` -> `5`
`mayor_tres(-5, 0, -2)` -> `0`

Develop the function `mayor_menor_tres` that receives three integers `a`, `b` and `c`. The function must return a tuple of the form `(mayor, menor)` that represent the highest and the lowest of the three numbers, without using the functions `max` or `min`.

Examples:
`mayor_menor_tres(5, 2, 3)` -> `(2, 5)`
`mayor_menor_tres(-5, 0, -2)` -> `(-2, 0)`

An employee of a company receives a monthly gross salary calculated by the amount of hours worked multiplied by its value. From this `salary`, the month’s `11%` for taxes, `8%` for health insurance, and `5%` for payment to the union are deducted. Develop the function `calcular_salario` that receives a float `valor_hora` and an integer `cantidad_horas` that represent how much he earns per hour and the amount of hours worked during the month. The function must return a dictionary of the form:

`{"salario_bruto": A, "impuestos": B,`
`"seguro_medico": C, "sindicato": E, "salario_neto": F}`.

Where A, B, C, and D represent the amount of money corresponding to each item.

Examples:
`calcular_salario(15.0, 120)` -> `{"salario_bruto": 1800.00, "impuestos": 198.00,`
`"seguro_medico": 144.0, "sindicato": 90.0, "salario_neto": 1368.00}`.

The paint sold at your trusted hardware store has a coverage of 1 liter per every 3 square meters and the paint is sold only in cans of 18 liters that cost each one `80.00` units. Develop the function `puedo_pintar` that receives an amount in square meters of an area to be painted as a positive integer `area`. The function should return a tuple with the amount of cans of paint that need to be bought to cover the entire area, as well as their total price, that is, using the form `(amount_cans, total_price)`.
Note: only an integer number of cans of paint is sold.

Examples:
`puedo_pintar(10)` -> `(1, 80.00)`
`puedo_pintar(100)` -> `(2, 160.00)`
`puedo_pintar(54)` -> `(1, 80.00)`
`puedo_pintar(55)` -> `(2, 160.00)`